Air pollutant emissions in Finland

In Finland, the sources of nitrogen oxides (NO x ) and sulphur dioxide (SO 2 ) are mainly in energy production. Nitrogen oxides are generated also in the transport sector and ammonia (NH 3 ) emissions in agriculture.

Finland reports air pollutant emission data annually to the Secretary of the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution and to the EU Commission. The emission inventory methodology is based on national and default methods being consistent with the EMEP/EEA  Emission Inventory Guidebook.

NOTE: Timeseries are consistent only for agriculture sector.

Emissions of acidifying compounds and particles in 1990-2015

 

Emissions of acidifying compounds and particles

(1 000 tonnes)

TIMESERIES NOT CONSISTENT

SOx
(as SO2)

NOx
(as NO2)

NH3

NMVOC

CO

PMtot

PM10

PM2.5

BC

1990

263

285

34

270

723

Particulate matter emis-

sions have been

estimated since 2000

1991

198

276

32

255

692

1992

144

280

31

250

666

1993

126

278

31

243

641

1994

118

279

32

245

632

1995

99

254

33

234

624

1996

109

262

34

229

645

1997

104

251

35

226

642

1998

94

244

35

222

643

1999

91

213

37

217

606*

2000

79

201

34

183

611

78

58

42

6.5

2001

86

211

34

181

603

87

60

44

6.6

2002

80

201

35

175

598

91

62

46

6.5

2003 100 215 36 168 578 90 61 45 6.4
2004 84 195 36 164 566 83 58 42 6.2
2005 69 169 37 151 530 87 57 42 6.0
2006 84 188 36 147 507 99 64 45 5.9
2007 83 187 36 142 501 79 52 37 5.8
2008  70 168 35 131 486 73 49 36 5.8
2009 59 155 35 123 465 76 52 38 5.8
2010 67 167 35 128 485 80 55 41 6.2
2011 61 154 34 117 455 76 51 37 5.3
2012 51 147 34 116 453 74 50 37 6.3
2013 47 145 33 111 370 70 47 35 5.6
2014 44 138 34 93 339 52 34 24 4.7
2015 42 140 32 88 325 50 32 22 4.6

*Emission increase originates from emissions of off-road machinery (machinery used in construction, agriculture and other applications). These emissions have been calculated since year 1999. Emission data from years 1990-1998 will be updated in the future.

Heavy metal emissions in 1990-2015

Finland reports emissions of the following eight heavy metals: arsenic, cadmium, chrome, copper, lead, mercury, nickel and zinc. Emissions of vanadium are also calculated, but emissions of selenium are not estimated in time series. The main sources of heavy metal emissions in Finland are production of non-ferrous metals and waste incineration.

 

Heavy metal emissions

(tonnes)

TIMESERIES NOT CONSISTENT

Lead
(Pb)

Cadmium
(Cd)

Mercury
(Hg)

Arsenic
(As)

Chrome
(Cr)

Copper
(Cu)

Nickel
(Ni)

Zinc
(Zn)

Vanadium (V)

1990

338

6,3

1,2

33

29

157

63

591

-

1991

258

3,5

0,8

22

44

152

45

401

-

1992

185

3,0

0,8

18

34

127

31

305

-

1993

109

2,8

0,6

14

21

115

22

280

-

1994

69

2,2

0,7

11

20

110

34

336

-

1995

67

1,7

0,7

3,5

22

89

34

342

-

1996

45

1,5

0,8

7,2

22

118

26

213

-

1997

29

0,9

0,5

12

21

139

25

92

-

1998

32

1,3

0,5

12

19

95

21

92

-

1999

25

0,6

1,2

4

17

71

35

79

-

2000

45

1,3

0,6

4,3

28

79

34

91

60

2001

45

1,7

0,8

5,2

26

78

32

61

66

2002

46

1,3

0,7

3,7

38

83

36

110

63

2003 38 1,2 0,8 3,2 27 73 34 85 69
2004 28 1,5 0,7 3,8 24 68 45 151 67
2005 22 1,3 0,9 2,7 18 60 27 135  
2006 25 1,3 1,0 2,8 23 63 25 138  
2007 22 1,0 0,8 2,7 27 61 22 126  
2008 20 1,2 0,8 2,9 20 59 21 131  
2009 18 1,2 0,8 2,7 15 58 18 134  
2010 23 1,4 0,9 3,7 22

63

22 161  
2011 22 1,3 0,7 3,4 18 58 20 133  
2012 19 1,3 0,8 2,9 18 57 19 140  
2013 18 1.2 0.7 2.9 18 57 16 134  
2014 15 0.8 0.6 2.4 20 54 17 130  
2015 14 0.9 0.6 2.4 16 40 17 129  

* Emission data from year 1999 is missing. This emission data will be added with timeseries (1990-1998) updating.

** Emission data will be rechecked with timeseries updating.

Emissions of persistent organic compunds in 1990-2015

Finland reports emissions of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) as the sum of benzo(a)pyrene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(k)fluoranthene and indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene (PAH-4). The emissions of dioxins and furans (PCDD/F), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and pentachlorophenols (PCP) are also included in the reporting. In Finland, the sources of these compounds are mainly in incopmlete combustion. The use of POP compounds is restiricted or forbidden.

 

Emissions of persistent organic compounds (POP)

TIMESERIES NOT CONSISTENT

g I-TEQ

kg

kg

kg kg

Dioxins and furans

Polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)

Hexachorobenzene (HCB)

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) Pentachlorophenols (PCP)
1990 37

17 000

41 315

15

1991 34

13 000

41 318

17

1992 30

13 000

42 319

19

1993 31

13 000

42 302

22

1994 37

17 000

41 300

24

1995 37

17 000

41 293

18

1996 33

17 000

43 278

13

1997 33

16 000

44 267

20

1998 33

16 000

44 265

27

1999 34

17 000

43 234

41

2000 34

14 000

44 229

55

2001 32

16 000

24 216

46

2002 33

17 000

17 199

21

2003 31 17 000 15 198 19
2004 30 17 000 32 187 17
2005 12 13 000 39 181 16
2006 12 13 000

43

184 15
2007 12 13 000 45 174 21
2008 14 15 000 26 162 33
2009 11 16 000 34 150 32
2010 15 18 000 16 156 32
2011 13 16 000 33 157 46
2012 14 17 000 17 154 47
2013 12 16 000 25 152 47
2014 13 9 700 26 155  
2015 14 9 400 21 152  

Emissions by source sectors

Data is in Acrobat file format

Year 2014

Air pollutant emissions in Finland by sectors in 2014 [table].pdf

Year 2013

Air Pollutant Emissions in Finland by sectors in 2013 [table].pdf

Year 2012

Air pollutant emissions in Finland by sectors in 2012 [table].pdf

Year 2011

Air pollutant emissions in Finland by sectors in 2011 [table].pdf

Year 2010

Air pollutant emissions in Finland by sectors in 2010 [table].pdf

Year 2009

Air pollutant emissions in Finland by sectors in 2009 [table].pdf

Year 2008

Air pollutant emissions in Finland by sectors in 2008 [table].pdf

Year 2007

Air pollutant emissions in Finland by sectors in 2007 [table].pdf

Air pollutant emissions in Finland by sectors in 2007 [pies].pdf

Year 2006

Air pollutant emissions in Finland by sectors in 2006 [table].pdf

Air pollutant emissions in Finland by sectors in 2006 [pies].pdf

Year 2005

Air pollutant emissions in Finland by sectors in 2005 [table].pdf

Air pollutant emissions in Finland by sectors in 2005 [pies].pdf

Year 2004

Air pollutant emissions in Finland by sectors in 2004 [table]. pdf

Air pollutant emissions in Finland by sectors in 2004 [pies].pdf

Year 2003

Air pollutant emissions in Finland by sectors in 2003 [table].pdf

Air pollutant emissions in Finland by sectors in 2003 [pies].pdf

Year 2002

Air pollutant emissions in Finland by sectors in 2002 [table].pdf

Air pollutant emissions in Finland by sectors in 2002 [pies].pdf

 

Published 2013-09-12 at 12:54, updated 2017-08-09 at 11:13