Air pollutant emissions in Finland

In Finland, the sources of nitrogen oxides (NO x ) and sulphur dioxide (SO 2 ) are mainly in energy production. Nitrogen oxides are generated also in the transport sector and ammonia (NH 3 ) emissions in agriculture.

Finland reports air pollutant emission data annually to the Secretary of the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution and to the EU Commission. The emission inventory methodology is based on national and default methods being consistent with the EMEP/EEA  Emission Inventory Guidebook.

Emissions of acidifying compounds and particles in 1990-2016

 

Emissions of acidifying compounds and particles

(1 000 tonnes)

SOx
(as SO2)

NOx
(as NO2)

NH3

NMVOC

CO

PMtot

PM10

PM2.5

 BC

1990

249

306

34

233

721

99 73 48 10.2
1991

205

295

32

220

688

86 65 48 9.7
1992

156

275

31

215

668

78 59 40 9.4
1993

137

278

31

208

655

73 56 37 9.2
1994

123

278

32

206

636

73 55 36 9.1
1995

104

258

32

200

630

68 51 35 8.9
1996

109

262

33

194

620

66 50 34 8.6
1997

101

258

35

191

617

66 50 33 8.4
1998

93

246

34

185

609

61 46 31 8.3
1999

92

243

37

182

592

62 47 31 8.0
2000

82

234

34

176

562

58

44

29

7.6

2001

96

244

34

173

558

60

45

30

7.7

2002

90

236

35

168

542

61

45

30

7.6

2003 101 244 36 161 518 62 46 29 7.3
2004 84 233 36 156 503 60 45 28 7.0
2005 70 205 37 145

475

58 43 28 6.5
2006 83 221 36 141 465 61 44 27 6.3
2007 81 209 35 137 447 57 42 25 6.1
2008  67 191 34 123 423 55 40 24 6.1
2009 59 171 35 113 397 54 38 24 5.9
2010 66 184 35 116 410 57 41 26 6.3
2011 60 169 34 104 373 53 37 22 5.3
2012 50 160 33 101 364 51 35 22 5.4
2013 48 156 33 101 350 49 34 21 5.0
2014 44 148 33 94 344 49 34 21 4.9
2015 41 134 31 88 322 46 32 19 4.5
2016 40 131 31 88 324 48 33 20 4.7

 

Heavy metal emissions in 1990-2016

Finland reports emissions of the following eight heavy metals: arsenic, cadmium, chrome, copper, lead, mercury, nickel and zinc. Emissions of vanadium are also calculated, but emissions of selenium are not estimated in time series. The main sources of heavy metal emissions in Finland are production of non-ferrous metals and waste incineration.

 

Heavy metal emissions

(tonnes)

Lead
(Pb)

Cadmium
(Cd)

Mercury
(Hg)

Arsenic
(As)

Chrome
(Cr)

Copper
(Cu)

Nickel
(Ni)

Zinc
(Zn)

1990

151

6.5

1.1 35

46

170 77 687

1991

94

3.6

0.9

24

58

162

60

476

1992

70

3.2

0.9

18

46

137

51

381

1993

70

3.2

0.8

16

31

125

44

353

1994

77

2.5

0.8

11

34

119

43

408

1995

76

2.0

0.8

5.2

29

130

46

409

1996

53

1.8

0.9

8.4

32

124

37

276

1997

36

1.4

0.8

13

28

144

38

154

1998

41

1.5

0.7

14

29

102

33

158

1999

38

1.4

0.6

5.2

30

83

37

148

2000

34

1.3

0.6

4.3

27

78

34

135

2001

33

1.6

0.7

5.1

24

78

32

139

2002

33

1.2

0.7

3.9

38

78

38

155

2003 26 1.2 0.8 3.6 28 68 35 134
2004 27 1.5 0.8 4.0 25 63 30 131
2005 22 1.3 0.9 2.9 19 58 26 124
2006 25 1.3 1.0 2.9 24 58 28 126
2007 22 1.1 0.9 2.9 28 57 25 118
2008 20 1.3 0.8 3.1 25 55 22 129
2009 17 1.2 0.8 2.9 16 51 20 128
2010 21 1.3 0.9 3.4 25

50

23 140
2011 20 1.3 0.8 2.9 16 51 20 136
2012 17 1.2 0.7 2.6 17 47 19 138
2013 16 1.2 0.8 2.7 17 47 17 134
2014 17 0.9 0.7 2.7 22 45 17 140
2015 15 0.9 0.6 2.4 16 40 16 127
2016 16 1.0 0.6 2.5 17 41 16 135

 

Emissions of persistent organic compunds in 1990-2016

Finland reports emissions of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) as the sum of benzo(a)pyrene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(k)fluoranthene and indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene (PAH-4). The emissions of dioxins and furans (PCDD/F), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and pentachlorophenols (PCP) are also included in the reporting. In Finland, the sources of these compounds are mainly in incopmlete combustion. The use of POP compounds is restiricted or forbidden.

 

Emissions of persistent organic compounds (POP)

 

g I-TEQ

t

kg

kg kg

Dioxins and furans

Polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)

Hexachorobenzene (HCB)

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) Pentachlorophenols (PCP)
1990 18

7.1

37 33

15

1991 19

7.5

36 31

17

1992 18

7.1

37 31

19

1993 18

7.4

37 33

22

1994 19

7.5

36 36

24

1995 19

7.6

35 36

18

1996 18

7.9

38 37

13

1997 18

8.0

38 37

20

1998 18

8.2

38 42

27

1999 18

8.0

38 40

41

2000 19

7.6

38 40

55

2001 16

8.4

18 38

46

2002 16

8.6

12 39

21

2003 14 8.7 10 40 19
2004 14 8.8 26 42 17
2005 14 8.7 32 41 16
2006 15 8.9

36

43 15
2007 14 9.0 38 43 21
2008 17 9.7 18 43 33
2009 12 10.1 26 34 32
2010 16 11.3 8 39 32
2011 14 9.6 26 40 46
2012 15 10.3 9 37 47
2013 15 9.7 17 36 47
2014 16 9.8 21 37  
2015 14 9.4 16 36  
2016 16 10.2 59 37  

 

Published 2013-09-12 at 12:54, updated 2018-08-13 at 10:55