One of the aims of species protection is to maintain the vital populations and areas of distribution of the native and established species. From the approximately 45,000 species found in Finland 21,400 are well enough known that it possible to assess their status. Every tenth of the assessed species was evaluated as threatened according to the evaluation made in 2010.
According to the Nature Conservation Act a species can be protected, or it can be defined as threatened or as in need of specials protection.
The European Community has provisions regarding species protection, the Habitats Directive concerning the protection of wild fauna and flora and the Birds Directive. The Directives demand that species and their habitats are protected, and their hunting and other exploitation is regulated.
The environmental administration has to act if needed to achieve the favourable conservation status of a species. The conservation status is favourable when a species remains in the long term in its natural habitat, and its natural distribution is not reduced. In addition there must be enough habitats for the species to ensure the survival of the species’ population in the long term.
The Finnish Environment Institute SYKE collects and evaluates information on the changes in species together with the the Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment (ELY Centres), Metsähallitus, universities and other research institutes as well as NGOs.
Forms and permits
Ministry of the Environment
Protection of species
Natural Hahitat types and species