Air pollutant emissions in Finland

In Finland, the sources of nitrogen oxides (NO x ) and sulphur dioxide (SO 2 ) are mainly in energy production. Nitrogen oxides are generated also in the transport sector and ammonia (NH 3 ) emissions in agriculture.

Finland reports air pollutant emission data annually to the Secretary of the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution and to the EU Commission. The emission inventory methodology is based on national and default methods being consistent with the EMEP/EEA  Emission Inventory Guidebook.

Emissions of acidifying compounds and particles in 1990-2017

 

Emissions of acidifying compounds and particles

(1 000 tonnes)

SOx
(as SO2)

NOx
(as NO2)

NH3

NMVOC

CO

PMtot

PM10

PM2.5

 BC

1990

249

306

34

230

754

95 70 46 9.8
1991

205

303

33

221

726

83 63 42 9.3
1992

156

287

31

215

705

75 57 38 8.9
1993

138

293

32

209

690

70 53 35 8.4
1994

123

293

33

207

672

70 52 34 8.2
1995

105

273

33

202

665

65 48 32 7.8
1996

109

277

34

194

657

63 47 31 7.4
1997

101

271

36

193

651

63 46 30 7.2
1998

93

257

35

187

645

57 43 28 7.0
1999

92

252

37

183

626

58 43 28 6.7
2000

82

241

34

177

595

54

40

26

6.4

2001

96

244

34

174

595

56

41

27

6.6

2002

90

242

35

166

579

57

42

27 6.5
2003 101 248 36 162 556 59 43 27 6.3
2004 84 237 37 157 541 57 42 26 6.3
2005 70 208 37 145

509

55 39 25 5.7
2006 83 224 36 141 500 57 41 25 5.5
2007 81 211 36 136 481 53 38 24 5.4
2008  67 194 35 122 463 52 37 23 5.4
2009 59 176 35 112 440 51 36 22 5.4
2010 66 187 36 114 454 54 38 24 5.6
2011 60 171 35 105 414 51 35 21 4.9
2012 50 161 34 102 407 48 33 21 5.0
2013 48 158 33 97 389 47 32 20 4.6
2014 44 151 33 94 383 46 31 19 4.5
2015 41 139 32 89 361 43 29 18 4.2
2016 40 134 32 90 368 46 30 18 4.3
2017 35 130 31 88 359 44 29 18 4.1

 

Heavy metal emissions in 1990-2017

Finland reports emissions of the following eight heavy metals: arsenic, cadmium, chrome, copper, lead, mercury, nickel and zinc. Emissions of vanadium are also calculated, but emissions of selenium are not estimated in time series. The main sources of heavy metal emissions in Finland are production of non-ferrous metals and waste incineration.

 

Heavy metal emissions

(tonnes)

Lead
(Pb)

Cadmium
(Cd)

Mercury
(Hg)

Arsenic
(As)

Chrome
(Cr)

Copper
(Cu)

Nickel
(Ni)

Zinc
(Zn)

1990

320

6.7

1.1 35

47

150 78 678

1991

236

3.8

0.9

24

59

142

61

468

1992

264

3.3

0.9

18

47

118

52

370

1993

104

3.4

0.8

16

37

105

45

345

1994

73

2.7

0.8

11

40

100

44

400

1995

72

2.1

0.8

5.2

36

110

47

401

1996

48

1.9

0.9

8.5

32

103

37

267

1997

31

1.5

0.8

13

29

121

38

144

1998

36

1.7

0.7

14

30

77

33

148

1999

34

1.5

0.6

5.3

31

61

37

138

2000

30

1.4

0.6

4.4

28

59

35

126

2001

30

1.7

0.7

5.2

25

60

32

129

2002

30

1.4

0.7

4.0

39

63

38

145

2003 25 1.3 0.8 3.7 29 56 35 124
2004 26 1.6 0.8 4.1 26 54 30 122
2005 21 1.5 0.9 3.0 20 52 26 114
2006 25 1.4 1.0 2.9 25 53 28 117
2007 22 1.3 0.9 3.0 29 40 25 105
2008 20 1.2 0.8 3.1 26 38 22 117
2009 17 1.2 0.8 2.9 17 36 21 116
2010 20 1.3 0.9 3.4 26

38

23 129
2011 19 1.2 0.7 3.0 17 38 20 124
2012 16 1.2 0.7 2.6 18 37 19 127
2013 16 1.1 0.8 2.7 18 38 17 123
2014 17 0.9 0.7 2.7 23 39 17 131
2015 15 0.9 0.6 2.5 17 37 16 117
2016 16 0.9 0.6 2.6 18 37 16 125
2017 16 1.0 0.6 2.4 16 36 15 119

 

Emissions of persistent organic compunds in 1990-2017

Finland reports emissions of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) as the sum of benzo(a)pyrene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(k)fluoranthene and indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene (PAH-4). The emissions of dioxins and furans (PCDD/F), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and pentachlorophenols (PCP) are also included in the reporting. In Finland, the sources of these compounds are mainly in incopmlete combustion. The use of POP compounds is restiricted or forbidden.

 

Emissions of persistent organic compounds (POP)

 

g I-TEQ

t

kg

kg kg

Dioxins and furans

Polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)

Hexachorobenzene (HCB)

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) Pentachlorophenols (PCP)
1990 18

7.1

37 29

15

1991 19

7.1

37 25

17

1992 18

7.1

37 26

19

1993 18

7.4

37 28

22

1994 19

7.5

36 29

24

1995 19

7.7

36 29

18

1996 18

7.9

38 28

13

1997 18

8.0

38 30

20

1998 18

8.2

38 31

27

1999 18

8.0

38 30

41

2000 19

7.7

39 30

55

2001 16

8.5

18 29

46

2002 16

8.7

12 29

21

2003 14 8.8 10 30 19
2004 14 8.8 26 31 17
2005 14 8.7 32 31 16
2006 15 8.9

36

32 15
2007 14 9.0 38 32 21
2008 17 9.7 19 31 33
2009 12 10.1 27 21 32
2010 16 11.1 9 28 32
2011 14 9.7 26 28 46
2012 15 10.4 9 25 47
2013 15 9.8 17 23 47
2014 16 10.0 22 25  
2015 14 9.5 16 24  
2016 15 10.3 60 26  
2017 13 10.1 34 26  

 

Published 2013-09-12 at 12:54, updated 2019-03-29 at 12:30