Biodiversity

The loss of biodiversity continues

Approximately one tenth of species in Finland is threatened. Halting the growth in the number of threatened species was not achieved by 2010. Even the new target of halting biodiversity loss by 2020 seems difficult to attain.

Built environment is the only habitat where the negative progress has stopped. The change for the worse has been most prominent on shores. The species living on farmland and mires are in distress as well.

In an international comparison of protected areas, Finland is close to the average. Nature reserves and wilderness areas cover some 9% of the country’s surface area. In order to attain the goals set Finland ought to seek to secure biodiversity not only by means of traditional nature conservation, but also on areas used for forestry and agriculture.

National indicators

Peltosirkku
Only 1% of the ortolan bunting (Emberiza hortulana) population remains compared to 30 years ago. The primary reasons for this decline include more intensive farming and a less diverse rural environment. Photo Esa Nikunen.
Suohopeatäplä
Cranberry fritillary (Boloria aquilonaris). It is still quite common also in the mires of Central and Southern Finland. Photo Pekka Malinen.

       

 

Published 2015-06-09 at 15:24, updated 2019-03-11 at 14:18
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