Increasing risk of an oil accident in the Gulf of Finland

Oil transports of the key oil terminals in the Gulf of Finland 1995–2013 and forecast up to 2025

Oil transports

The total annual oil transport capacity of terminals in the Gulf of Finland will rise to 230 million tonnes over the next few years, provided that Russia implements all of the terminal projects it has planned. Additional capacity is likely to alter various oil terminals’ share of transports in the Gulf of Finland, while some terminal capacity will remain unused. Annual oil transport quantities will probably settle at around 170 million tonnes. Source: SYKE. 2013.

Oil transports increased strongly since 1995

Oil transports have become increasingly common in the Gulf of Finland since the mid-1990s. In 1995, the quantity of oil transported was less than 20 million tonnes and in 2012 more than 150 million tonnes. In 2013, oil transports will probably exceed 160 million tonnes.

The majority of oil transported in the Gulf of Finland comes from the new ports of Primorsk and Ust-Luga constructed in Russia in the 2000s. The port of Ust-Luga is being expanded further. At present, one third of all oil transports from Russia travel via the Gulf of Finland.

Some 20 tankers sail through the Gulf of Finland every day. Other marine traffic, container traffic in particular, is also growing in the area, mainly heading to and coming from Russian ports. The risk of an oil accident is estimated to be highest in the open sea off the coast of Helsinki, with busy passenger traffic routes between Tallinn and Helsinki crossing tanker routes.


  • SYKE. 2013.


Published 2015-08-19 at 14:38, updated 2016-07-22 at 15:00