Upturn in organic production

Long-term progress:
Only some 9% of crop cultivation is organic.
Short-term progress:
In the last five years, the organic farming area has increased faster than before.
Progress in relation to targets:
Around 10% annual growth in area is required to meet the target set under the development programme for the organic sector. This growth target was not met in 2013, with an increase of 4%.

Organic farming area in Finland 2000–2013

Organic farming area
The statistics include areas under conversion for organic farming. This means that the land is being cultivated organically, but the related crops cannot yet be marketed as organic products. Source: Evira. 2014.

 

Organic farming accounts for 9% of agricultural land use in Finland. In the early 2000s, the share of organic farming remained fairly stable, but an upturn has occurred in recent years. The primary reason for this growth lies in higher demand for organic products.

One of the agricultural policy goals set in the Government Programme is a more significant increase in the share of local and organic food. In May 2013, the Government approved a programme for the development of the organic sector, aimed at improving the efficiency of the organic food chain and increasing organic production to meet demand, while increasing Finland’s exports of organic products.

The goal is for organic farming to occupy 20% of cultivated arable land in 2020. This will require a minimum of 10% annual increase in the area under organic cultivation. Organic farming needs naturally occurring organic fertilizers, such as manure, and this restricts its growth potential as not all farms can keep livestock.

Sources:

  • Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira. 2014.
  • Lisää luomua! Hallituksen luomualan kehittämisohjelma ja luomualan kehittämisen tavoitteet vuoteen 2020. Valtioneuvoston periaatepäätös 16.5.2013. (More organic farming! Finnish Government’s resolution on action plan 16.5.2013.)
Published 2015-09-01 at 12:14, updated 2015-11-06 at 12:48