Species monitoring

Species monitoring means monitoring of the abundance, distribution and vitality of Finnish wild species, and factors related to these matters. Monitoring may be targeted at a single species or a group of species. Species monitoring is part of biodiversity monitoring, alongside habitat monitoring. Monitoring data is used to assess the necessity or sufficiency of species protection and management, to assess and manage sustainable use of natural resources, to monitor biodiversity and environmental status, and for various research purposes (biology of species, impacts of changes in land use, climate change, the efficiency of biodiversity services, etc.).

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Monitoring of winter birds in the archipelago of Åland. © Tuomas Lahti.


Monitoring of species and species groups is performed by several Finnish players: Finnish Environment Institute, Finnish Museum of Natural History, the state forest administration Metsähallitus, Finnish Forest Research Institute, Finnish Game and Fisheries Institute, Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment (ELY Centres) and some volunteer organisations such as BirdLife Finland, Lepidopterological Society of Finland and the Finnish Fund of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). In many cases, monitoring is conducted in the form of co-operation between different players.


Species monitoring carried out by the environmental administration is based on national and international obligations laid down in provisions and agreements. The most important of these include the Convention on Biological Diversity (78/1994, Rio de Janeiro), the Birds and Habitats Directives of the European Union (79/409/EEC and 92/43/EEC) and the Nature Conservation Act and Decree (160/97 and 913/2005). Additionally, biodiversity monitoring in the aquatic environment is regulated by the EU Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) and Marine Strategy Directive (2008/56/EC). The national strategy and action plan for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, entitled “Saving Nature for People”, was approved by a government resolution in December 2012. The main objective of the strategy is to halt biodiversity loss in Finland by 2020.

For more information

Senior researcher Ulla-Maija Liukko, Finnish Environment Institute, EMail: ulla-maija.liukko@syke.fi 

Published 2013-05-14 at 11:10, updated 2020-12-04 at 11:10