VELMU research projects

VELMU academic research

Graduated, PhD

Anu Kaskela University of Helsinki 2017 "Seabed landscapes of the Baltic Sea: Geological characterization of the seabed environment with spatial analysis techniques" (supervisors: Kotilainen and Salonen)

Riikka Venesjärvi University of Helsinki 2016 “Knowledge-based marine conservation in oil spill risk management” (supervisors: Kuikka and Rahikainen)

Tapio Suominen 2015 University of Turku “Spatiotemporal features of coastal waters in Southwest Finland” (supervisor: Kalliola)

Henna Rinne Åbo Akademi University 2014 ”Macroalgae across environmental gradients- tools for managing rocky coastal areas of the northern Baltic Sea” (supervisors: Mattila and Salovius-L)

Meri Kallasvuo University of Helsinki 2010 “Coastal environmental gradients – Key to reproduction habitat mapping of freshwater fish in the Baltic Sea” (supervirsors: Lappalainen and Urho)

Phd- students:

Anna Downie Åbo Akademi University “A multiscale analysis of environmental factors as surrogates of benthic habitat distribution and biodiversity in the Baltic Sea” (supervisors: v Numers and Boström)

Jouni Leinikki University of Helsinki "Mapping of seabed natural values using spatial modelling" (supervisors : Luoto and Kotilainen)

Reetta Ljungberg University of Helsinki “Impacts of climate change on marine ecosystems and marine spatial planning in the Baltic Sea” (supervisors: Viitasalo, Lehtiniemi and Arponen).

Irma Puttonen Åbo Akademi University “Eutrophication in the northern Baltic Sea archipelagos — the role of the internal loading of phosphorus from bottom sediments” (supervisors: Mattila and Kotilainen)

Heta Rousi Åbo Akademi University ”Study of zoobenthic assemblages and their environmental interaction and their distribution” (supervisors: Bonsdorff and Mattila)

Lari Veneranta University of Helsinki “Spatial distribution of juvenile fish using advanced modeling techniques”

 

MSc thesis

Waltteri Niemelä University Centre of the Westfjord, Iceland 2017 “Marine protected area management in the Finnish Gulf of Bothnia: connections between underwater nature, human activity and management” (supervisors: Viitasalo)

Emmi Hänninen University of Helsinki 2016 "Vedenalaisten kartoitusmenetelmien verifiointi"(supervisors: Timo Kairesalo, Mats Westerbom)

Juho Lappalainen University of Helsinki 2016 ”Valon määrän vaikutus Suomen rannikon levävyöhykkeisiin ­– spatiaaliekologinen tarkastelu” (supervisors: Viitasalo and Ruuskanen)

Annela Vuontela Turku AMK 2016 ”Millaiset ovat eri sidosryhmien mielikuvat ihmispaineiden vaikutuksista meriluontoon (rakkolevä, harmaahylje, kalakannat) Saaristomerellä verrattuna tutkimustietoon” supervisor: Viitasalo)

Juuso Haapaniemi University of Turku 2015 ”Eloperäiset rantavallit ja niiden esiintymiseen vaikuttavat ympäristötekijät Selkämerellä” (supervisor: Kalliola)

Niko Kulha University of Turku 2015 ”Vedenalaisen valon vaikutus Saaristomeren pohjan perustuottajayhteisöjen rakenteeseen ja levinneisyyteen” (supervisor: Kalliola)

Maija Lantto University of Oulu 2015 ”Rihmalevät ravinteisuuden indikaattoreina” (supervisor: Keskinen)

Helena Puro Åbo Akademi University 2015 ”Betydelsen av miljövariabler för undervattenshabitat och utvärdering av betydelsen av antropogen belastning i Östra Finska viken” (supervisors: Mattila and Laine)

Anniina Saarinen Åbo Akademi University 2015 "Makrofauna bland makroalger – betydelsen av algart, djup och exponering” (supervisors: Salovius-L and Mattila)

Matti Sahla University of Turku 2015 ”Merialueiden ihmispainemallinnus” (supervisors: Kalliola and Ekebom)

Vilja Salin University of Oulu 2015 ”Merenpohjan raekoon ja syvyyden vaikutus kolmen pohjaeläinlajin yhteisöjen laatuun” (supervisor: Kostamo)

Aino Helle University of Helsinki 2014 “The environmental impacts of oil shipping and offshore wind power at the eastern Gulf of Finland – A Bayesian approach to marine spatial planning” (supervisor Venesjärvi and Rahikainen)

Ulrika Björkman Åbo Akademi University 2013 “Förekomst av och morfologisk variation hos Fucus sp. längs den Finska västkusten” (supervisors: Rinne and Salovius-L)

Jukka Ylikörkkö University of Oulu 2012 ”Vesisammalten levinneisyys koillisella Perämerellä” (supervisors: Keskinen and Virtanen)

Anu Erikkilä University of Oulu 2010 ”Pohjanlaatututkimuksen menetelmävertailu: viistokaikuluotaus ja drop-videointi” (supervisors: Keskinen and Hjort)

Marika Yliniva University of Oulu 2009 ”Perämeren kansallispuiston vesimakrofyytit – peruskartoitus ja näytteenottomenetelmien vertailu” (supervisor: Keskinen)

Markku Yliniva University of Oulu 2008 ”Perämeren kansallispuiston pohjaeläimet ulkosaaristosta rannikolle” (supervisor: Keskinen)

 

MSc students:

Charlotta Asplund Åbo Akademi University ”MSP aiheinen gradu” (supervisor: Johanna Mattila)

Hanna Backman, Åbo Akademi University ” Sedimentets betydelse för makrofyter i grunda havsområden, NW Åland (supervisors: Salovius-Laurén and Snickars)

Joonas Hoikkala University of Turku ”VELMU Kautskynäytteiden tarkastelu” (Supervisor: Salovius-Laurén, Westerbom and Kalliola)

Hanna Holmroos University of Turku ”Vedenalaisinventoinneissa käytettävät menetelmät ja aineistojen hyödynnettävyys” (supervisor: Kalliola)

Niina Kurikka University of Oulu ”HELCOM-HUB-vertailu” (supervisor: Keskinen)

Lauri Laitila University of Helsinki ”Vaihtelut Saaristomeren ja Hangon edustan kovien pohjien lajistossa” (supervisors: Viitasalo and Norkko)

Piia Simi University of Oulu ”Krunnien vedenalaisen kasvillisuuden historiallinen katsaus ja vertailu nykydataan” (supervisor: Keskinen)

 

Currently ongoing VELMU research projects

Coastal fish reproduction areas (LUKE)

Completed research projects

Transboundary too for spatial planning and conservation of the Gulf of Finland (TOPCONS)

Inventory and planning for the Finnish marine NATURA 2000 network (FINMARINET)

Photo: Metsähallitus 2004

 

Links between marine key biotopes and specific geological features: pilot survey of macrophytes in sublittoral moraine areas (BIOGEO)

The main purpose of the Åbo Academy University´s BIOGEO project has been to map the Archipelago Sea´s sandy seabed-areas with vascular plant species. The project has also tested different  methods of predicting the presence of the vascular plant species.

Nine vascular plant species were discovered in the mapping of the area (the dominating species of the groups from the families Zostera, Potagometon, Ruppia and Zannichelli ).Common eelgrass (Zostera marina) was found in the inner and outer archipelago areas, although the common eelgrass was only  found half as deep in the water as the eelgrass found on the outer archipelago (down to almost 6 meters). Common eelgrass maintains high diversity in the wildlife of the seabed in the inner archipelago and the outer archipelago. Finding the vascular plant species has been proven hard, for example on sand or gravel bottoms there aren´t always vascular plant species to be found. The elements that seemed to affect the presence of the common eelgrass were mostly the amount of light, the quality of the seabed and the angle of the beach and its openness.

The biological zonation of the Archipelago Sea – new basis for the decision making of the societies (BIZOAS)

The goal of the BIZOAS project managed by the Archipelago Research Institute belonging to the environmental research centre of Turku University, has a goal of  making inventories of the presence of different ecosystems in the Archipelago Sea. The results can be useful for identifying different ecosystems and characterizing underwater marine biotopes. A web of 94 zoobenthos point stations has been created for the Archipelago Sea area and different  sampling equipment has been compared to get trustworthy inventory results, all achieved due to the project. Furthermore the reproductive areas of the whitefish (karisiika)have been studied and the catching methods of juvenile fish have been compared. In 2005 inventory of the hard seabed took place. During the project, descriptors (metadata) from previous studies were used, which has been linked to the documentation of the wildlife of the sea (see MELLI -research).

Photo: Metsähallitus 2004

Baltic Marine Biotope Classification System (BalMar) 

Alleco OY project´s goal is to create the  Baltic Marine Biotope Classification System, BalMar. With the help of this system suitable biotope classes can be created into EUNIS (European Nature Information System) .

The system mentioned is made up of many different leveled, accurately defined classification criteria which are used to classify the physical and biological information gathered from nature. At the same time a standard format  manual has been made to assist in the gathering of the information. Sample taking and observation methods used in inventories have no meaning, precondition is that the information is appropriate to fulfill the criteria. Because biotopes are not classified on the field, the originally found material is still useful even if the boundaries of the classification criteria are changed or the results will be classified based on another classification system, like HELCOM or Natura 2000. EUNIS –classifications can be drawn straight from BMBCS -classifications.  

The management and use of natural science information of the marine and coastal areas (MELLI)

During the MELLI -project run by the department of geography of the University of Turku, the sea- and coastal area information service system of Finland was created, into which coastal area related nature information was gathered and installed. The project also produced spatial information such as wave exposure  and surface water temperature concerning the marine environment  for the use of the VELMU -project. A map service working through internet was produced for the user interface, into which spatial information describing marine environment was linked and which partly worked as a distribution channel for other VELMU -project related material. The active development of the map service in the framework of the project will end in Autumn 2006. The concept will be transferred into a broader Lounaispaikka- mapping service were it will be further developed.

Underwater species inventory of the Archipelago sea area (SAVELIN)

Natural Heritage Service's SAVELIN -project (2004-2006) has made inventories of the marine wildlife in the areas of the Archipelago sea and created new methods for inventory. The biggest challenges of the Inventory programmes include finding of suitable method combinations to receive a specific level of information (e.g. community level) from broad areas without forgetting the accurate species level inventories. Based on the information of the inventories the underwater "drop-video"-method was chosen to be used  for video shots and diving inventories were used to supplement them. During diving inventories underwater species and habitats were photographed. The material was classified into ecosystems (e.g. bladder wrack, vascular plant, blue mussel ecosystems), based on which theme maps were created for different uses such as care, use and monitoring of government owned sea areas.

The Quark area underwater species inventory (MERVI)

The joint venture of the Natural Heritage Service and the  West Finland Regional Environment Centre has the main goal of making inventories of the underwater wildlife of the Quark area. The project shall produce marine biotope theme maps. Information for the venture is received from places such as the Quark areas world heritage site and is used to create plans for management and care of the conservation areas.

Underwater marine environment inventory (VALKO)

VALKO  is a widespread co-operational project coordinated by the geological survey centre of Finland. VALKO -project which was established during the years 2004-2007 in the Archipelago sea area as a result of co-operation of several instances, worked as an information gathering system for efficient underwater wildlife mapping. The system is based on division of labour, where the gathering of biological information is planned on the basis of geological and hydrological material to produce cost-effective comprehensive information. 

As a result of the VALKO –project a detailed map of the research area (South of Nauvo) was produced and corresponding cannot be expected to be produced anywhere else in Finland's coastal areas in the frameworks of the VELMU -project. These accurately mapped areas are needed however in every sea area for example to sort out the distribution of animal and plant species.

Underwater marine environment inventory strategy (VESTRA)

The VESTRA -project develops Finland's underwater marine environment inventory strategies in co-operation with the ministry of the Environment and parties concerned with VELMU. The Finnish Environment Institute coordinates VELMU's research through VESTRA and even helps the ministry of the Environment to produce information in context with inventory programs.  VESTRA has functioned as a main contributor in the pilot projects and as a broker for pilot projects and the ministry of the Environment.

Photo: Metsähallitus 2004

Underwater moraine formation's diversity- preliminary studies in the Quark area (VIMMA)

VIMMA (2003) was a project by the Geological survey of Finland, in which the Quark areas, Björkö's and Raippaluoto's east side and the 133208 underwater moraine formations and their diversity in the named sea area were studied Inventory and classification methods for finding and limiting the geological formations that have biological, geological or other environmental value out of the perspective of the Baltic Sea research programme, were developed in the study.

Published 2015-03-12 at 8:38, updated 2017-11-14 at 12:40