The 2019 Red List of Finnish species

The fifth assessment of threatened species in Finland was published in March 8th 2019.

Punainen kirja 2019 kansi

 

The 2019 Red List of Finnish species

An online version of this publication is freely available here. If the PDF file behind the link does not open, please save the file to your computer and open it with e.g. Adobe Reader (on most systems right-click on the file to get a menu list).

Suomen lajien uhanalaisuus Punainen kirja 2019 - The 2019 Red List of Finnish species (HELDA - Digital Repository of the University of Helsinki).

Korjausliuska julkaisuun Suomen lajien uhanalaisuus Punainen kirja 2019 (pdf) (List of corrections for the 2019 Red List of Finnish species. In Finnish)

The publication is also on sale at the Finnish Environment Institute online store as a print-on-demand book.

The Finnish Environment Institute online store (in Finnish): Suomen lajien uhanalaisuus Punainen kirja 2019 (printed version)

The web service of the Red List of Finnish species

The online service of the Red List of Finnish species 2019, provided by The Finnish Biodiversity Information Facility (Laji.fi), is a web portal where it is possible to search, limit and summarize findings for selected groups, habitats and nature types, as well as particular causes for Red List status.

The web service of the Red List of Finnish species (Finnish Biodiversity Information Facility)

Publication Event for the 2019 Red List of Finnish species

The publication event and the presentation of the results of the Red List of Finnish species took place on Friday, March 8, 2019 at The House of the Estates (Säätytalo) in Helsinki.

The programme of the event (in Finnish) is available via this link
You can also watch a video recording of the event via this link.
 

This is the fifth Assessment of threatened species in Finland

The assessment of threatened species in Finland was conducted for the fifth time. The assessment was carried out in 18 working groups totalling approximately 170 experts in their field. This report is a result of extensive work and includes an assessment of the threat status and future prospects of nearly 22,500 species or lower taxa.


Every ninth species evaluated is threatened

This is also the third time the Red List species assessment was carried out in Finland using the internationally comparable “Red List Categories and Criteria” established by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). According to these criteria one out of nine of the evaluated species are threatened. In Finland there are approximately 48,000 species, and 22,418 (47%) are so well-known that their status could be evaluated. Of these, 2,667 species were assessed to be threatened, corresponding to 11.9 %. The majority of threatened species live in forests (31%), rural biotopes and cultural habitats (24%). These types of habitats are also the most species-rich. However, the single habitat type having most threatened species is found in alpine areas (37.9%). The assessment of threatened species is carried out every ten years in Finland, but birds and mammals were also evaluated in 2015.

Of the species evaluated in 2010, 10.5% were given threatened status, and this has now risen to 11.9%. This negative trend shows us that we have not succeeded in halting the decline facing our country's species. In total, the number of threatened species increased by 420 species compared to the previous evaluation. The situation has genuinely improved for 263 species and deteriorated for 461 species compared to the results from the 2010 evaluation.

The 2019 Red List of Finnish species can be considered to be one of the most comprehensive performed in the world, as sufficient data forming the basis for evaluation has been gathered on almost a half of the approximately 48,000 species in Finland. Many more species than before have been included in this research, most of which are not threatened.

Two years of extensive evaluation work

The work was coordinated by the Finnish Environment Institute under the leadership of the Steering Group for Evaluation of Threatened Species (LAUHA), appointed by the Ministry of Environment. 16 organism expert groups assessed the threat status of Finnish species in 2017–2018. As in the previous evaluation, two other expert groups were established for fish and mammals. The assessments for fish were carried out by the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), and mammalian assessments were requested from the Finnish Mammalogical Society.

The assessment is a result of the collective work of 170 of our best species experts, researchers in nature conservation and administration, conservators and researchers in natural history museums and staff in research institutes. Volunteer contribution has been given by retired personnel and experienced amateurs.

The key objectives of the steering group have been to guide the organism expert groups in their assessment work, to consolidate the results of the work, and to instruct in the process of prioritizing and allocating resources for the conservation of threatened species.

Further information
•    Senior Ministerial Adviser Esko Hyvärinen, Ministry of the Environment, tel. +358 400 143 876, firstname.o.lastname@ym.fi
•    Senior Researcher Ulla-Maija Liukko, Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), tel. +358 295 251 387, firstname.lastname@ymparisto.fi

Published 2019-03-08 at 9:00, updated 2019-11-04 at 13:52